MARINE PROTECTED AREA
Status: Ongoing, since 2016
North Sulawesi Province is located in the north-central part of Indonesia near the heart of the coral triangle region, beside the Sulu-Sulawesi Sea Eco-Region. It has very high marine biodiversity, which supports very lucrative fishing and marine tourism industries. These regions are endowed with high abundance of natural resources and are part of the world’s highest marine biodiversity region wherein more than 70 genres of hard corals and 2,500 species of fish occur. Several places in Minahasa are hotspots for marine turtle nesting, dugongs, the Indonesian Coelacanth or King of the Sea (Latimeria menadoensis) and several species of whales, while in terrestrial sites one can find Crested Black Macaque (Macaca nigra) and tarsiers (Tarsius spectrum), particularly along the east coast of Minahasa. In this region there are many vulnerable and endangered marine species that need improved protection through the designation of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs).
However, there are many potential threats to the species mentioned above because the majority of people living in coastal villages are strongly dependent on marine resources. But, not only from people living in coastal areas but also from distant places as well because of the population growth and socio-economic development. There is an increasing demand for ﬁsh and aquaculture products widely. This rise in demand has led to increasing pressures on marine ecosystems, and has also contributed to accelerate degradation and exploitation of the ecosystems.
The government of Indonesia via Ministry of Marine and Fisheries has targeted the establishment of 20 million hectares marine protected area by 2020. In supporting the Government of Indonesia to meet its goal, Manengkel Solidaritas with local government and community partners, has demonstrated commitment to improving natural resource management in the marine corridor of North Sulawesi through the development of Community Based Marine Protected Areas (or CB-MPAs).
In each CB-MPAs we have strengthened community institutions and regulations for improving adoption and implementation of management approaches, that include no-take areas to build fish populations (where taking of all marine biota is banned), areas zoned for the protection of tourism values, fishing gear restrictions across large swathes of marine waters, species restrictions, protection of ecosystem values such as spawning grounds, marine corridors and productive mangrove forests and community surveillance and enforcement programs
For having an effective CB-MPAs it is important that ecological, socio-economic and governance factors are identified that can help to build community support and enable effective management. Manengkel disseminates the surveys result using ridge to reef approach and awareness campaign. The activities comprise socialization, workshop and posters dissemination to villagers and local governments. It is expected that the communities have improved the behavior and increased public awareness of the environmental conservation and endangered biotas in terrestrial to support the CB-MPAs.
To improve effective management of CB-MPAs it is important that communities have knowledge and capacity in areas including infrastructure management (e.g., marker buoys, signs, and surveillance equipment), sustainable fishing practices and coordinated surveillance, reporting and enforcement programs. Training sessions to build leadership and capacity of the management units of each CB-MPA, and develop standard operating procedures for priority management functions according to community needs.
Ridge to reef campaign
Socialization about village regulation
Check on the border markers of the marine protected area.
Placement of CB-MPA Boundary Marker
Coral reef in MPA in Bahoi village
Information Board part of campaign
Fish catch by fisherman in Atep Oki village